Published on in Vol 9 (2023)

Preprints (earlier versions) of this paper are available at, first published .
How Does ChatGPT Perform on the United States Medical Licensing Examination? The Implications of Large Language Models for Medical Education and Knowledge Assessment

How Does ChatGPT Perform on the United States Medical Licensing Examination? The Implications of Large Language Models for Medical Education and Knowledge Assessment

How Does ChatGPT Perform on the United States Medical Licensing Examination? The Implications of Large Language Models for Medical Education and Knowledge Assessment


  1. Sabry Abdel-Messih M, Kamel Boulos M. ChatGPT in Clinical Toxicology. JMIR Medical Education 2023;9:e46876 View
  2. Howard A, Hope W, Gerada A. ChatGPT and antimicrobial advice: the end of the consulting infection doctor?. The Lancet Infectious Diseases 2023;23(4):405 View
  3. Sinha R, Deb Roy A, Kumar N, Mondal H. Applicability of ChatGPT in Assisting to Solve Higher Order Problems in Pathology. Cureus 2023 View
  4. Halloran L, Mhanna S, Brunner P. AI tools such as ChatGPT will disrupt hydrology, too. Hydrological Processes 2023;37(3) View
  5. Juhi A, Pipil N, Santra S, Mondal S, Behera J, Mondal H. The Capability of ChatGPT in Predicting and Explaining Common Drug-Drug Interactions. Cureus 2023 View
  6. Eysenbach G. The Role of ChatGPT, Generative Language Models, and Artificial Intelligence in Medical Education: A Conversation With ChatGPT and a Call for Papers. JMIR Medical Education 2023;9:e46885 View
  7. Lal Vallath A, Sivasubramanian B, Chatterjee A, Erva S, Ravikumar D, Dasgupta I. Ventricular Septal Rupture and Artificial Intelligence (AI)-Assisted Healthcare. Cureus 2023 View
  8. Aubignat M, Diab E. Artificial intelligence and ChatGPT between worst enemy and best friend: The two faces of a revolution and its impact on science and medical schools. Revue Neurologique 2023;179(6):520 View
  9. Sallam M. ChatGPT Utility in Healthcare Education, Research, and Practice: Systematic Review on the Promising Perspectives and Valid Concerns. Healthcare 2023;11(6):887 View
  10. Levin G, Meyer R, Kadoch E, Brezinov Y. Identifying ChatGPT-written OBGYN abstracts using a simple tool. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology MFM 2023;5(6):100936 View
  11. Fuentes-Martín Á, Cilleruelo-Ramos Á, Segura-Méndez B, Mayol J. Can an Artificial Intelligence Model Pass an Examination for Medical Specialists?. Archivos de Bronconeumología 2023;59(8):534 View
  12. Ghosh A, Bir A. Evaluating ChatGPT's Ability to Solve Higher-Order Questions on the Competency-Based Medical Education Curriculum in Medical Biochemistry. Cureus 2023 View
  13. Ivanov S, Soliman M. Game of algorithms: ChatGPT implications for the future of tourism education and research. Journal of Tourism Futures 2023;9(2):214 View
  14. Stephens L. ChatGPT in transfusion medicine: A new frontier for patients?. Transfusion 2023;63(6):1110 View
  15. Shoufan A. Exploring Students’ Perceptions of ChatGPT: Thematic Analysis and Follow-Up Survey. IEEE Access 2023;11:38805 View
  16. Giannos P, Delardas O. Performance of ChatGPT on UK Standardized Admission Tests: Insights From the BMAT, TMUA, LNAT, and TSA Examinations. JMIR Medical Education 2023;9:e47737 View
  17. Fontenot J. Artificial intelligence in nursing education: Embrace, ignore, or proceed with caution. Teaching and Learning in Nursing 2023;18(3):355 View
  18. Fatani B. ChatGPT for Future Medical and Dental Research. Cureus 2023 View
  19. Thirunavukarasu A, Hassan R, Mahmood S, Sanghera R, Barzangi K, El Mukashfi M, Shah S. Trialling a Large Language Model (ChatGPT) in General Practice With the Applied Knowledge Test: Observational Study Demonstrating Opportunities and Limitations in Primary Care. JMIR Medical Education 2023;9:e46599 View
  20. Xie Y, Seth I, Hunter-Smith D, Rozen W, Ross R, Lee M. Aesthetic Surgery Advice and Counseling from Artificial Intelligence: A Rhinoplasty Consultation with ChatGPT. Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 2023;47(5):1985 View
  21. Cohen F. The role of artificial intelligence in headache medicine: Potential and peril. Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain 2023;63(5):694 View
  22. Temsah O, Khan S, Chaiah Y, Senjab A, Alhasan K, Jamal A, Aljamaan F, Malki K, Halwani R, Al-Tawfiq J, Temsah M, Al-Eyadhy A. Overview of Early ChatGPT’s Presence in Medical Literature: Insights From a Hybrid Literature Review by ChatGPT and Human Experts. Cureus 2023 View
  23. Pinto A, Abreu A, Costa E, Paiva J. How Machine Learning (ML) is Transforming Higher Education: A Systematic Literature Review. Journal of Information Systems Engineering and Management 2023;8(2):21168 View
  24. Samaan J, Yeo Y, Rajeev N, Hawley L, Abel S, Ng W, Srinivasan N, Park J, Burch M, Watson R, Liran O, Samakar K. Assessing the Accuracy of Responses by the Language Model ChatGPT to Questions Regarding Bariatric Surgery. Obesity Surgery 2023;33(6):1790 View
  25. Lo C. What Is the Impact of ChatGPT on Education? A Rapid Review of the Literature. Education Sciences 2023;13(4):410 View
  26. Bi A. What’s Important: The Next Academic—ChatGPT AI?. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 2023;105(11):893 View
  27. Alvero R. ChatGPT: rumors of human providers’ demise have been greatly exaggerated. Fertility and Sterility 2023;119(6):930 View
  28. Geerling W, Mateer G, Wooten J, Damodaran N. ChatGPT has Aced the Test of Understanding in College Economics: Now What?. The American Economist 2023;68(2):233 View
  29. Tsui J, Wong M, Kim B, Maguire A, Scoles D, VanderBeek B, Brucker A. Appropriateness of ophthalmic symptoms triage by a popular online artificial intelligence chatbot. Eye 2023;37(17):3692 View
  30. Alhaidry H, Fatani B, Alrayes J, Almana A, Alfhaed N. ChatGPT in Dentistry: A Comprehensive Review. Cureus 2023 View
  31. Strzelecki A. To use or not to use ChatGPT in higher education? A study of students’ acceptance and use of technology. Interactive Learning Environments 2023:1 View
  32. Bhattacharyya R, Chakraborty K, Neogi R. ChatGPT and its application in the field of mental health. Journal of SAARC Psychiatric Federation 2023;1(1):6 View
  33. Barallat J, Gómez C, Sancho-Cerro A. AI, diabetes and getting lost in translation: a multilingual evaluation of Bing with ChatGPT focused in HbA1c. Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM) 2023;61(11):e222 View
  34. Nune A, Iyengar K, Manzo C, Barman B, Botchu R. Chat generative pre-trained transformer (ChatGPT): potential implications for rheumatology practice. Rheumatology International 2023;43(7):1379 View
  35. Webb J. Proof of Concept: Using ChatGPT to Teach Emergency Physicians How to Break Bad News. Cureus 2023 View
  36. Fuchs K. Exploring the opportunities and challenges of NLP models in higher education: is Chat GPT a blessing or a curse?. Frontiers in Education 2023;8 View
  37. Sánchez-Ruiz L, Moll-López S, Nuñez-Pérez A, Moraño-Fernández J, Vega-Fleitas E. ChatGPT Challenges Blended Learning Methodologies in Engineering Education: A Case Study in Mathematics. Applied Sciences 2023;13(10):6039 View
  38. Lourenco A, Slanetz P, Baird G. Rise of ChatGPT: It May Be Time to Reassess How We Teach and Test Radiology Residents. Radiology 2023;307(5) View
  39. Li Y, Sha L, Yan L, Lin J, Raković M, Galbraith K, Lyons K, Gašević D, Chen G. Can large language models write reflectively. Computers and Education: Artificial Intelligence 2023;4:100140 View
  40. Bhayana R, Krishna S, Bleakney R. Performance of ChatGPT on a Radiology Board-style Examination: Insights into Current Strengths and Limitations. Radiology 2023;307(5) View
  41. Deebel N, Terlecki R. ChatGPT Performance on the American Urological Association Self-assessment Study Program and the Potential Influence of Artificial Intelligence in Urologic Training. Urology 2023;177:29 View
  42. Abd-alrazaq A, AlSaad R, Alhuwail D, Ahmed A, Healy P, Latifi S, Aziz S, Damseh R, Alabed Alrazak S, Sheikh J. Large Language Models in Medical Education: Opportunities, Challenges, and Future Directions. JMIR Medical Education 2023;9:e48291 View
  44. Ilicki J. A Framework for Critically Assessing ChatGPT and Other Large Language Artificial Intelligence Model Applications in Health Care. Mayo Clinic Proceedings: Digital Health 2023;1(2):185 View
  45. Ma Y. The potential application of ChatGPT in gastrointestinal pathology. Gastroenterology & Endoscopy 2023;1(3):130 View
  46. Frosolini A, Gennaro P, Cascino F, Gabriele G. In Reference to “Role of Chat GPT in Public Health”, to Highlight the AI’s Incorrect Reference Generation. Annals of Biomedical Engineering 2023;51(10):2120 View
  47. Currie G. Academic integrity and artificial intelligence: is ChatGPT hype, hero or heresy?. Seminars in Nuclear Medicine 2023;53(5):719 View
  48. Mayol J. Inteligencia artificial generativa y educación médica. Educación Médica 2023;24(4):100851 View
  49. Liu H, Azam M, Bin Naeem S, Faiola A. An overview of the capabilities of ChatGPT for medical writing and its implications for academic integrity. Health Information & Libraries Journal 2023;40(4):440 View
  50. Fraser H, Crossland D, Bacher I, Ranney M, Madsen T, Hilliard R. Comparison of Diagnostic and Triage Accuracy of Ada Health and WebMD Symptom Checkers, ChatGPT, and Physicians for Patients in an Emergency Department: Clinical Data Analysis Study. JMIR mHealth and uHealth 2023;11:e49995 View
  51. Liang Y, Zou D, Xie H, Wang F. Exploring the potential of using ChatGPT in physics education. Smart Learning Environments 2023;10(1) View
  52. Spennemann D. Exhibiting the Heritage of COVID-19—A Conversation with ChatGPT. Heritage 2023;6(8):5732 View
  53. Yan L, Sha L, Zhao L, Li Y, Martinez‐Maldonado R, Chen G, Li X, Jin Y, Gašević D. Practical and ethical challenges of large language models in education: A systematic scoping review. British Journal of Educational Technology 2023 View
  54. Taloni A, Borselli M, Scarsi V, Rossi C, Coco G, Scorcia V, Giannaccare G. Comparative performance of humans versus GPT-4.0 and GPT-3.5 in the self-assessment program of American Academy of Ophthalmology. Scientific Reports 2023;13(1) View
  55. Xie Y, Seth I, Hunter‐Smith D, Rozen W, Seifman M. Investigating the impact of innovative AI chatbot on post‐pandemic medical education and clinical assistance: a comprehensive analysis. ANZ Journal of Surgery 2023 View
  56. Maillard A, Micheli G, Lefevre L, Guyonnet C, Poyart C, Canouï E, Belan M, Charlier C. Can Chatbot Artificial Intelligence Replace Infectious Diseases Physicians in the Management of Bloodstream Infections? A Prospective Cohort Study. Clinical Infectious Diseases 2023 View
  57. Aljindan F, Al Qurashi A, Albalawi I, Alanazi A, Aljuhani H, Falah Almutairi F, Aldamigh O, Halawani I, K. Zino Alarki S. ChatGPT Conquers the Saudi Medical Licensing Exam: Exploring the Accuracy of Artificial Intelligence in Medical Knowledge Assessment and Implications for Modern Medical Education. Cureus 2023 View
  58. Yanagita Y, Yokokawa D, Uchida S, Tawara J, Ikusaka M. Accuracy of ChatGPT on Medical Questions in the National Medical Licensing Examination in Japan: Evaluation Study. JMIR Formative Research 2023;7:e48023 View
  59. Anagnostopoulos C. ChatGPT impacts in programming education: A recent literature overview that debates ChatGPT responses. F1000Research 2023;12:1393 View
  60. Ignjatović A, Stevanović L. Efficacy and limitations of ChatGPT as a biostatistical problem-solving tool in medical education in Serbia: a descriptive study. Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions 2023;20:28 View
  61. Meo S, Al-Masri A, Alotaibi M, Meo M, Meo M. ChatGPT Knowledge Evaluation in Basic and Clinical Medical Sciences: Multiple Choice Question Examination-Based Performance. Healthcare 2023;11(14):2046 View
  62. Zhang Y, Pei H, Zhen S, Li Q, Liang F. Chat Generative Pre-Trained Transformer (ChatGPT) usage in healthcare. Gastroenterology & Endoscopy 2023;1(3):139 View
  63. Peacock J, Austin A, Shapiro M, Battista A, Samuel A. Accelerating medical education with ChatGPT: an implementation guide. MedEdPublish 2023;13:64 View
  64. Hofmann H, Guerra G, Le J, Wong A, Hofmann G, Mayfield C, Petrigliano F, Liu J. The Rapid Development of Artificial Intelligence: GPT-4's Performance on Orthopedic Surgery Board Questions. Orthopedics 2023:1 View
  65. Abi-Rafeh J, Hanna S, Bassiri-Tehrani B, Kazan R, Nahai F. Complications Following Facelift and Neck Lift: Implementation and Assessment of Large Language Model and Artificial Intelligence (ChatGPT) Performance Across 16 Simulated Patient Presentations. Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 2023 View
  66. Weng T, Wang Y, Chang S, Chen T, Hwang S. ChatGPT failed Taiwan’s Family Medicine Board Exam. Journal of the Chinese Medical Association 2023;86(8):762 View
  67. Wang Y, Shen H, Chen T. Performance of ChatGPT on the pharmacist licensing examination in Taiwan. Journal of the Chinese Medical Association 2023;86(7):653 View
  68. Farina M, Lavazza A. ChatGPT in society: emerging issues. Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence 2023;6 View
  69. O’Hern K, Yang E, Vidal N. ChatGPT underperforms in triaging appropriate use of Mohs surgery for cutaneous neoplasms. JAAD International 2023;12:168 View
  70. Chakraborty C, Pal S, Bhattacharya M, Dash S, Lee S. Overview of Chatbots with special emphasis on artificial intelligence-enabled ChatGPT in medical science. Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence 2023;6 View
  71. Vakilzadeh A, Pourahmad Ghalejoogh S. Evaluating the Potential of Large Language Model AI as Project Management Assistants: A Comparative Simulation to Evaluate GPT-3.5, GPT-4, and Google-Bard Ability to pass the PMI's PMP test. SSRN Electronic Journal 2023 View
  72. Ng F, Thirunavukarasu A, Cheng H, Tan T, Gutierrez L, Lan Y, Ong J, Chong Y, Ngiam K, Ho D, Wong T, Kwek K, Doshi-Velez F, Lucey C, Coffman T, Ting D. Artificial intelligence education: An evidence-based medicine approach for consumers, translators, and developers. Cell Reports Medicine 2023;4(10):101230 View
  73. Doddi S, Hibshman T, Salichs O, Bera K, Tippareddy C, Ramaiya N, Tirumani S. Assessing appropriate responses to ACR urologic imaging scenarios using ChatGPT and Bard. Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology 2023 View
  74. Deik A. Potential Benefits and Perils of Incorporating ChatGPT to the Movement Disorders Clinic. Journal of Movement Disorders 2023;16(2):158 View
  75. Ali K, Barhom N, Tamimi F, Duggal M. ChatGPT—A double‐edged sword for healthcare education? Implications for assessments of dental students. European Journal of Dental Education 2023 View
  76. Guerra G, Hofmann H, Sobhani S, Hofmann G, Gomez D, Soroudi D, Hopkins B, Dallas J, Pangal D, Cheok S, Nguyen V, Mack W, Zada G. GPT-4 Artificial Intelligence Model Outperforms ChatGPT, Medical Students, and Neurosurgery Residents on Neurosurgery Written Board-Like Questions. World Neurosurgery 2023;179:e160 View
  77. Zuckerman M, Flood R, Tan R, Kelp N, Ecker D, Menke J, Lockspeiser T. ChatGPT for assessment writing. Medical Teacher 2023;45(11):1224 View
  78. Magalhães Araujo S, Cruz-Correia R. Incorporating ChatGPT in Medical Informatics Education: Exploring Student Perceptions and Proposing Experiential Integration (Preprint). JMIR Medical Education 2023 View
  79. Takagi S, Watari T, Erabi A, Sakaguchi K. Performance of GPT-3.5 and GPT-4 on the Japanese Medical Licensing Examination: Comparison Study. JMIR Medical Education 2023;9:e48002 View
  80. Hung Y, Chaker S, Sigel M, Saad M, Slater E. Comparison of Patient Education Materials Generated by Chat Generative Pre-Trained Transformer Versus Experts. Annals of Plastic Surgery 2023;91(4):409 View
  81. Bonsu E, Adusei D. Trending Technologies: A Corpus-based Genre Analysis of Abstracts on ChatGPT. Linguistics Initiative 2023;3(2):107 View
  82. Gencer A, Aydin S. Can ChatGPT pass the thoracic surgery exam?. The American Journal of the Medical Sciences 2023;366(4):291 View
  83. Huang X, Estau D, Liu X, Yu Y, Qin J, Li Z. Evaluating the performance of ChatGPT in clinical pharmacy: A comparative study of ChatGPT and clinical pharmacists. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 2023 View
  84. Magruder M, Delanois R, Nace J, Mont M. ChatGPT and Other Natural Language Processing Artificial Intelligence Models in Adult Reconstruction. The Journal of Arthroplasty 2023;38(11):2191 View
  85. Saad A, Iyengar K, Kurisunkal V, Botchu R. Assessing ChatGPT's ability to pass the FRCS orthopaedic part A exam: A critical analysis. The Surgeon 2023;21(5):263 View
  86. Smales L. Classification of RBA monetary policy announcements using ChatGPT. Finance Research Letters 2023;58:104514 View
  87. Hoffer E. ChatGPT Provides References That Are Real, Inappropriate, or (Most Often) Fake. Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology 2023;34(12):2240 View
  88. Wang Y, Chen T. ChatGPT surges ahead: GPT-4 has arrived in the arena of medical research. Journal of the Chinese Medical Association 2023;86(9):784 View
  89. Spennemann D. ChatGPT and the Generation of Digitally Born “Knowledge”: How Does a Generative AI Language Model Interpret Cultural Heritage Values?. Knowledge 2023;3(3):480 View
  90. Babayiğit O, Tastan Eroglu Z, Ozkan Sen D, Ucan Yarkac F. Potential Use of ChatGPT for Patient Information in Periodontology: A Descriptive Pilot Study. Cureus 2023 View
  91. Liu M, Ren Y, Nyagoga L, Stonier F, Wu Z, Yu L. Future of education in the era of generative artificial intelligence: Consensus among Chinese scholars on applications of ChatGPT in schools. Future in Educational Research 2023;1(1):72 View
  92. Brameier D, Alnasser A, Carnino J, Bhashyam A, von Keudell A, Weaver M. Artificial Intelligence in Orthopaedic Surgery. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 2023;105(17):1388 View
  93. Blumenthal R. What Pausing the AI Arms Race is and isn't: the Right Side of History or Wishful Thinking. ACM SIGCAS Computers and Society 2023;52(1):23 View
  94. Morath B, Chiriac U, Jaszkowski E, Deiß C, Nürnberg H, Hörth K, Hoppe-Tichy T, Green K. Performance and risks of ChatGPT used in drug information: an exploratory real-world analysis. European Journal of Hospital Pharmacy 2023:ejhpharm-2023-003750 View
  95. Kogan M, Ivanov S. "Catch Me If You Can". ChatGPT today: artificial intelligence able to write a scientific paper for us or is it a game of imitation?. Urology Herald 2023;11(3):10 View
  96. Brin D, Sorin V, Vaid A, Soroush A, Glicksberg B, Charney A, Nadkarni G, Klang E. Comparing ChatGPT and GPT-4 performance in USMLE soft skill assessments. Scientific Reports 2023;13(1) View
  97. López-Ojeda W, Hurley R. Medical Metaverse, Part 2: Artificial Intelligence Algorithms and Large Language Models in Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences. The Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences 2023;35(4):316 View
  98. Krüger L, Krotsetis S, Nydahl P. ChatGPT: Fluch oder Segen in der Pflege?. Medizinische Klinik - Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin 2023;118(7):534 View
  99. Breeding T, Martinez B, Patel H, Nasef H, Arif H, Nakayama D, Elkbuli A. The Utilization of ChatGPT in Reshaping Future Medical Education and Learning Perspectives: A Curse or a Blessing?. The American Surgeon™ 2023 View
  100. Kunitsu Y. The Potential of GPT-4 as a Support Tool for Pharmacists: Analytical Study Using the Japanese National Examination for Pharmacists. JMIR Medical Education 2023;9:e48452 View
  101. İLASLAN E. Yapay Zeka Sohbet Robotları ve ChatGPT’nin Hemşirelik Eğitiminde Kullanılması. Akdeniz Hemşirelik Dergisi 2023;2(2):73 View
  102. Choudhury A, Shamszare H. Investigating the Impact of User Trust on the Adoption and Use of ChatGPT: Survey Analysis. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2023;25:e47184 View
  103. Alzaid N, Ghulam O, Albani M, Alharbi R, Othman M, Taher H, Albaradie S, Ahmed S. Revolutionizing Dental Care: A Comprehensive Review of Artificial Intelligence Applications Among Various Dental Specialties. Cureus 2023 View
  104. Bernabei M, Colabianchi S, Falegnami A, Costantino F. Students’ use of large language models in engineering education: A case study on technology acceptance, perceptions, efficacy, and detection chances. Computers and Education: Artificial Intelligence 2023;5:100172 View
  105. Sohail S, Farhat F, Himeur Y, Nadeem M, Madsen D, Singh Y, Atalla S, Mansoor W. Decoding ChatGPT: A taxonomy of existing research, current challenges, and possible future directions. Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences 2023;35(8):101675 View
  106. Wang H, Wu W, Dou Z, He L, Yang L. Performance and exploration of ChatGPT in medical examination, records and education in Chinese: Pave the way for medical AI. International Journal of Medical Informatics 2023;177:105173 View
  107. Meyer J, Urbanowicz R, Martin P, O’Connor K, Li R, Peng P, Bright T, Tatonetti N, Won K, Gonzalez-Hernandez G, Moore J. ChatGPT and large language models in academia: opportunities and challenges. BioData Mining 2023;16(1) View
  108. Massey P, Montgomery C, Zhang A. Comparison of ChatGPT–3.5, ChatGPT-4, and Orthopaedic Resident Performance on Orthopaedic Assessment Examinations. Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons 2023;31(23):1173 View
  109. Shoja M, Van de Ridder J, Rajput V. The Emerging Role of Generative Artificial Intelligence in Medical Education, Research, and Practice. Cureus 2023 View
  110. Wong R, Ming L, Raja Ali R. The Intersection of ChatGPT, Clinical Medicine, and Medical Education. JMIR Medical Education 2023;9:e47274 View
  111. Gravel J, D’Amours-Gravel M, Osmanlliu E. Learning to Fake It: Limited Responses and Fabricated References Provided by ChatGPT for Medical Questions. Mayo Clinic Proceedings: Digital Health 2023;1(3):226 View
  112. Berşe S, Akça K, Dirgar E, Kaplan Serin E. The Role and Potential Contributions of the Artificial Intelligence Language Model ChatGPT. Annals of Biomedical Engineering 2023 View
  113. Patil N, Huang R, van der Pol C, Larocque N. Comparative Performance of ChatGPT and Bard in a Text-Based Radiology Knowledge Assessment. Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal 2023 View
  114. Lin Z. Why and how to embrace AI such as ChatGPT in your academic life. Royal Society Open Science 2023;10(8) View
  115. Daher M, Koa J, Boufadel P, Singh J, Fares M, Abboud J. Breaking barriers: can ChatGPT compete with a shoulder and elbow specialist in diagnosis and management?. JSES International 2023;7(6):2534 View
  116. Jeyaraman M, K S, Jeyaraman N, Nallakumarasamy A, Yadav S, Bondili S. ChatGPT in Medical Education and Research: A Boon or a Bane?. Cureus 2023 View
  117. Walker H, Ghani S, Kuemmerli C, Nebiker C, Müller B, Raptis D, Staubli S. Reliability of Medical Information Provided by ChatGPT: Assessment Against Clinical Guidelines and Patient Information Quality Instrument. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2023;25:e47479 View
  118. Cohen A, Alter R, Lessans N, Meyer R, Brezinov Y, Levin G. Performance of ChatGPT in Israeli Hebrew OBGYN national residency examinations. Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics 2023;308(6):1797 View
  119. Frosolini A, Franz L, Benedetti S, Vaira L, de Filippis C, Gennaro P, Marioni G, Gabriele G. Assessing the accuracy of ChatGPT references in head and neck and ENT disciplines. European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 2023;280(11):5129 View
  120. Volante L, DeLuca C, Klinger D. Leveraging AI to enhance learning. Phi Delta Kappan 2023;105(1):40 View
  121. Jiao Z, Du X, Liu Z, Liu L, Sun Z, Shi G, Liu R. A Review of Theory and Application Development of Intelligent Operation Methods for Large Public Buildings. Sustainability 2023;15(12):9680 View
  122. Reddy S. Evaluating large language models for use in healthcare: A framework for translational value assessment. Informatics in Medicine Unlocked 2023;41:101304 View
  123. Sultan I, Al-Abdallat H, Alnajjar Z, Ismail L, Abukhashabeh R, Bitar L, Abu Shanap M. Using ChatGPT to Predict Cancer Predisposition Genes: A Promising Tool for Pediatric Oncologists. Cureus 2023 View
  124. Ting D, Tan T, Ting D. ChatGPT in ophthalmology: the dawn of a new era?. Eye 2023 View
  125. Woodnutt S, Allen C, Snowden J, Flynn M, Hall S, Libberton P, Purvis F. Could artificial intelligence write mental health nursing care plans?. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 2023 View
  126. Al-Ashwal F, Zawiah M, Gharaibeh L, Abu-Farha R, Bitar A. Evaluating the Sensitivity, Specificity, and Accuracy of ChatGPT-3.5, ChatGPT-4, Bing AI, and Bard Against Conventional Drug-Drug Interactions Clinical Tools. Drug, Healthcare and Patient Safety 2023;Volume 15:137 View
  127. Hoch C, Wollenberg B, Lüers J, Knoedler S, Knoedler L, Frank K, Cotofana S, Alfertshofer M. ChatGPT’s quiz skills in different otolaryngology subspecialties: an analysis of 2576 single-choice and multiple-choice board certification preparation questions. European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 2023;280(9):4271 View
  128. Watters C, Lemanski M. Universal skepticism of ChatGPT: a review of early literature on chat generative pre-trained transformer. Frontiers in Big Data 2023;6 View
  129. Guigue P, Meyer R, Thivolle‐Lioux G, Brezinov Y, Levin G. Performance of ChatGPT in French language Parcours d'Accès Spécifique Santé test and in OBGYN. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics 2023 View
  130. Agarwal M, Sharma P, Goswami A. Analysing the Applicability of ChatGPT, Bard, and Bing to Generate Reasoning-Based Multiple-Choice Questions in Medical Physiology. Cureus 2023 View
  131. Doo F, Cook T, Siegel E, Joshi A, Parekh V, Elahi A, Yi P. Exploring the Clinical Translation of Generative Models Like ChatGPT: Promise and Pitfalls in Radiology, From Patients to Population Health. Journal of the American College of Radiology 2023;20(9):877 View
  132. Grigorian A, Shipley J, Nahmias J, Nguyen N, Schwed A, Petrie B, de Virgilio C. Implications of Using Chatbots for Future Surgical Education. JAMA Surgery 2023;158(11):1220 View
  133. Mannstadt I, Mehta B. Large language models and the future of rheumatology: assessing impact and emerging opportunities. Current Opinion in Rheumatology 2024;36(1):46 View
  134. Wang X, Sanders H, Liu Y, Seang K, Tran B, Atanasov A, Qiu Y, Tang S, Car J, Wang Y, Wong T, Tham Y, Chung K. ChatGPT: promise and challenges for deployment in low- and middle-income countries. The Lancet Regional Health - Western Pacific 2023;41:100905 View
  135. Epstein R, Dexter F. Variability in Large Language Models’ Responses to Medical Licensing and Certification Examinations. Comment on “How Does ChatGPT Perform on the United States Medical Licensing Examination? The Implications of Large Language Models for Medical Education and Knowledge Assessment”. JMIR Medical Education 2023;9:e48305 View
  136. Bonsu E, Baffour-Koduah D. From the Consumers’ Side: Determining Students’ Perception and Intention to Use ChatGPT in Ghanaian Higher Education. Journal of Education, Society & Multiculturalism 2023;4(1):1 View
  137. Tang Y, Zhong X, Su X, Hu X, Li X. Is Chat-GPT4 a qualified surgical oncologist?. International Journal of Surgery 2023;109(9):2846 View
  138. Kung J, Marshall C, Gauthier C, Gonzalez T, Jackson J. Evaluating ChatGPT Performance on the Orthopaedic In-Training Examination. JBJS Open Access 2023;8(3) View
  139. Keller D, Behrns K, Wexner S. But can the Bot Write?. Surgery 2023;174(4):751 View
  140. Ilgaz H, Çelik Z. The Significance of Artificial Intelligence Platforms in Anatomy Education: An Experience With ChatGPT and Google Bard. Cureus 2023 View
  141. Abi-Rafeh J, Xu H, Kazan R, Tevlin R, Furnas H. Large Language Models and Artificial Intelligence: A Primer for Plastic Surgeons on the Demonstrated and Potential Applications, Promises, and Limitations of ChatGPT. Aesthetic Surgery Journal 2023 View
  142. Ayinde L, Wibowo M, Ravuri B, Emdad F. ChatGPT as an important tool in organizational management: A review of the literature. Business Information Review 2023;40(3):137 View
  143. Huang H. Performance of ChatGPT on Registered Nurse License Exam in Taiwan: A Descriptive Study. Healthcare 2023;11(21):2855 View
  144. Lombardo R, Cicione A, Santoro G, De Nunzio C. ChatGPT in prostate cancer: myth or reality?. Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases 2023 View
  145. Kim J, Chua M, Rickard M, Lorenzo A. ChatGPT and large language model (LLM) chatbots: The current state of acceptability and a proposal for guidelines on utilization in academic medicine. Journal of Pediatric Urology 2023;19(5):598 View
  146. Misra D, Chandwar K. ChatGPT, artificial intelligence and scientific writing: What authors, peer reviewers and editors should know. Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh 2023;53(2):90 View
  147. Victor B, McNally K, Qi Z, Perron B. Construct-Irrelevant Variance on the ASWB Clinical Social Work Licensing Exam: A Replication of Prior Validity Concerns. Research on Social Work Practice 2023 View
  148. Shah P, Bogdanovich B, Patel P, Boyd C. Assessing the plastic surgery knowledge of three natural language processor artificial intelligence programs. Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery 2024;88:193 View
  149. Ventriglio A, Ricci F. ChatGPT use in teaching social psychiatry. International Journal of Social Psychiatry 2023 View
  150. Wang X, Gong Z, Wang G, Jia J, Xu Y, Zhao J, Fan Q, Wu S, Hu W, Li X. ChatGPT Performs on the Chinese National Medical Licensing Examination. Journal of Medical Systems 2023;47(1) View
  151. Farhat F, Chaudhry B, Nadeem M, Sohail S, Madsen D. Evaluating AI Models for the National Pre-Medical Exam in India: A Head-to-Head Analysis of GPT-3.5, GPT-4, and Bard (Preprint). JMIR Medical Education 2023 View
  152. Choi W. Assessment of the capacity of ChatGPT as a self-learning tool in medical pharmacology: a study using MCQs. BMC Medical Education 2023;23(1) View
  153. Megahed F, Chen Y, Ferris J, Knoth S, Jones-Farmer L. How generative AI models such as ChatGPT can be (mis)used in SPC practice, education, and research? An exploratory study. Quality Engineering 2023:1 View
  154. Jin Y, Liu H, Zhao B, Pan W. ChatGPT and mycosis– a new weapon in the knowledge battlefield. BMC Infectious Diseases 2023;23(1) View
  155. Safranek C, Sidamon-Eristoff A, Gilson A, Chartash D. The Role of Large Language Models in Medical Education: Applications and Implications. JMIR Medical Education 2023;9:e50945 View
  156. Cinar C. Analyzing the Performance of ChatGPT About Osteoporosis. Cureus 2023 View
  157. Taira K, Itaya T, Hanada A. Performance of the Large Language Model ChatGPT on the National Nurse Examinations in Japan: Evaluation Study. JMIR Nursing 2023;6:e47305 View
  158. Gao Z, Li L, Ma S, Wang Q, Hemphill L, Xu R. Examining the Potential of ChatGPT on Biomedical Information Retrieval: Fact-Checking Drug-Disease Associations. Annals of Biomedical Engineering 2023 View
  159. Sangal R, Sharifi M, Rhodes D, Melnick E. Clinical Decision Support: Moving Beyond Interruptive “Pop-up” Alerts. Mayo Clinic Proceedings 2023;98(9):1275 View
  160. Smales L. Classification of RBA Monetary Policy Announcements Using ChatGPT. SSRN Electronic Journal 2023 View
  161. Liu J, Liu F, Fang J, Liu S. The application of Chat Generative Pre-trained Transformer in nursing education. Nursing Outlook 2023;71(6):102064 View
  162. Pandya A. ChatGPT-Enabled daVinci Surgical Robot Prototype: Advancements and Limitations. Robotics 2023;12(4):97 View
  163. Shang L, Xue M, Hou Y, Tang B. Can ChatGPT pass China's national medical licensing examination?. Asian Journal of Surgery 2023 View
  164. Grassini S. Shaping the Future of Education: Exploring the Potential and Consequences of AI and ChatGPT in Educational Settings. Education Sciences 2023;13(7):692 View
  165. Flores-Cohaila J, García-Vicente A, Vizcarra-Jiménez S, De la Cruz-Galán J, Gutiérrez-Arratia J, Quiroga Torres B, Taype-Rondan A. Performance of ChatGPT on the Peruvian National Licensing Medical Examination: Cross-Sectional Study. JMIR Medical Education 2023;9:e48039 View
  166. Yeo Y, Samaan J, Ng W, Ting P, Trivedi H, Vipani A, Ayoub W, Yang J, Liran O, Spiegel B, Kuo A. Assessing the performance of ChatGPT in answering questions regarding cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Clinical and Molecular Hepatology 2023;29(3):721 View
  167. Jeyaraman M, Ramasubramanian S, Balaji S, Jeyaraman N, Nallakumarasamy A, Sharma S. ChatGPT in action: Harnessing artificial intelligence potential and addressing ethical challenges in medicine, education, and scientific research. World Journal of Methodology 2023;13(4):170 View
  168. Sun H, Zhang K, Lan W, Gu Q, Jiang G, Yang X, Qin W, Han D. An AI Dietitian for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Management Based on Large Language and Image Recognition Models: Preclinical Concept Validation Study. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2023;25:e51300 View
  169. Parikh P, Shah D, Parikh U, Venniyoor A, Babu G, Garg A, Malhotra H. ChatGPT—Preliminary Overview with Implications for Medicine and Oncology. Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology 2023;44(04):377 View
  170. Ishaaq N, Sohail S. Correspondence to investigating the impact of innovative AI chatbot on post‐pandemic medical education and clinical assistance: a comprehensive analysis. ANZ Journal of Surgery 2023 View
  171. Alshahrani J, Alshahrani A, Alshahrani A, Alshalaan A, Alhumam M, Alshahrani N. The Impact of Diabetes Mellitus Duration and Complications on Health-Related Quality of Life Among Type 2 Diabetic Patients in Khamis Mushit City, Saudi Arabia. Cureus 2023 View
  172. Barrington N, Gupta N, Musmar B, Doyle D, Panico N, Godbole N, Reardon T, D’Amico R. A Bibliometric Analysis of the Rise of ChatGPT in Medical Research. Medical Sciences 2023;11(3):61 View
  173. Ghosh A, Maini Jindal N, Gupta V, Bansal E, Kaur Bajwa N, Sett A. Is ChatGPT’s Knowledge and Interpretative Ability Comparable to First Professional MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) Students of India in Taking a Medical Biochemistry Examination?. Cureus 2023 View
  174. Abankwa D. Harnessing ChatGPT: Exploring its Possibilities and Perils in the Social Sciences. SSRN Electronic Journal 2023 View
  175. Yoshiyasu Y, Wu F, Dhanda A, Gorelik D, Takashima M, Ahmed O. GPT‐4 accuracy and completeness against International Consensus Statement on Allergy and Rhinology: Rhinosinusitis. International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology 2023 View
  176. Kao H, Chien T, Wang W, Chou W, Chow J. Assessing ChatGPT’s capacity for clinical decision support in pediatrics: A comparative study with pediatricians using KIDMAP of Rasch analysis. Medicine 2023;102(25):e34068 View
  177. Gabriel R, Mariano E, McAuley J, Wu C. How large language models can augment perioperative medicine: a daring discourse. Regional Anesthesia & Pain Medicine 2023;48(11):575 View
  178. Huang R, Lu K, Meaney C, Kemppainen J, Punnett A, Leung F. Assessment of Resident and AI Chatbot Performance on the University of Toronto Family Medicine Residency Progress Test: Comparative Study. JMIR Medical Education 2023;9:e50514 View
  179. Kleinig O, Gao C, Bacchi S. This too shall pass: the performance of ChatGPT‐3.5, ChatGPT‐4 and New Bing in an Australian medical licensing examination. Medical Journal of Australia 2023;219(5):237 View
  180. Ayoub N, Lee Y, Grimm D, Divi V. Head‐to‐Head Comparison of ChatGPT Versus Google Search for Medical Knowledge Acquisition. Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery 2023 View
  181. Ali O, Murray P, Momin M, Al-Anzi F. The knowledge and innovation challenges of ChatGPT: A scoping review. Technology in Society 2023;75:102402 View
  182. Weeks W, Taliesin B, Lavista J. Using Artificial Intelligence to Advance Public Health. International Journal of Public Health 2023;68 View
  183. Toyama Y, Harigai A, Abe M, Nagano M, Kawabata M, Seki Y, Takase K. Performance evaluation of ChatGPT, GPT-4, and Bard on the official board examination of the Japan Radiology Society. Japanese Journal of Radiology 2023 View
  184. Aljindan F, Shawosh M, Altamimi L, Arif S, Mortada H. Utilization of ChatGPT-4 in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: A Narrative Review. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global Open 2023;11(10):e5305 View
  185. Preiksaitis C, Rose C. Opportunities, Challenges, and Future Directions of Generative Artificial Intelligence in Medical Education: Scoping Review. JMIR Medical Education 2023;9:e48785 View
  186. Miao J, Thongprayoon C, Garcia Valencia O, Krisanapan P, Sheikh M, Davis P, Mekraksakit P, Suarez M, Craici I, Cheungpasitporn W. Performance of ChatGPT on Nephrology Test Questions. Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 2023 View
  187. Khorshidi H, Mohammadi A, Yousem D, Abolghasemi J, Ansari G, Mirza-Aghazadeh-Attari M, Acharya U, Abbasian Ardakani A. Application of ChatGPT in multilingual medical education: How does ChatGPT fare in 2023's Iranian residency entrance examination. Informatics in Medicine Unlocked 2023;41:101314 View
  188. Lyons R, Arepalli S, Fromal O, Choi J, Jain N. Artificial intelligence chatbot performance in triage of ophthalmic conditions. Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology 2023 View
  189. Zhang H, Guan Y, Chen J, Tong W. Commentary: AI-based online chat and the future of oncology care: a promising technology or a solution in search of a problem?. Frontiers in Oncology 2023;13 View
  190. Morjaria L, Burns L, Bracken K, Ngo Q, Lee M, Levinson A, Smith J, Thompson P, Sibbald M. Examining the Threat of ChatGPT to the Validity of Short Answer Assessments in an Undergraduate Medical Program. Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development 2023;10 View
  191. Enache R. Will ChatGPT replace human medical writers?. Romanian Journal of Rhinology 2023;13(51):90 View
  192. Botchu R, Iyengar K. Will ChatGPT Drive Radiology in the Future?. Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging 2023;33(04):436 View
  193. Handa P, Chhabra D, Goel N, Krishnan S. Exploring the role of ChatGPT in medical image analysis. Biomedical Signal Processing and Control 2023;86:105292 View
  194. Wang J. Is the laboratory report dead? AI and ChatGPT. Microbiology Australia 2023;44(3):144 View
  195. Yang R, Tan T, Lu W, Thirunavukarasu A, Ting D, Liu N. Large language models in health care: Development, applications, and challenges. Health Care Science 2023;2(4):255 View
  196. Barallat J, Gómez-Gómez C, Sancho-Cerro A. Let’s Face It: Chatbots Are Here to Stay. The Journal of Applied Laboratory Medicine 2023;8(5):1006 View
  197. Milgrim F. Artificial Intelligence’s Leap Into Emergency Medicine: The Promise and Pitfalls of ChatGPT. Annals of Emergency Medicine 2023;82(4):A13 View
  198. Huang H, Zheng O, Wang D, Yin J, Wang Z, Ding S, Yin H, Xu C, Yang R, Zheng Q, Shi B. ChatGPT for shaping the future of dentistry: the potential of multi-modal large language model. International Journal of Oral Science 2023;15(1) View
  199. Suárez A, Díaz‐Flores García V, Algar J, Gómez Sánchez M, Llorente de Pedro M, Freire Y. Unveiling the ChatGPT phenomenon: Evaluating the consistency and accuracy of endodontic question answers. International Endodontic Journal 2023 View
  200. Mannam S, Subtirelu R, Chauhan D, Ahmad H, Matache I, Bryan K, Chitta S, Bathula S, Turlip R, Wathen C, Ghenbot Y, Ajmera S, Blue R, Chen H, Ali Z, Malhotra N, Srinivasan V, Ozturk A, Yoon J. Large Language Model-Based Neurosurgical Evaluation Matrix: A Novel Scoring Criteria to Assess the Efficacy of ChatGPT as an Educational Tool for Neurosurgery Board Preparation. World Neurosurgery 2023 View
  201. Plevris V, Papazafeiropoulos G, Jiménez Rios A. Chatbots Put to the Test in Math and Logic Problems: A Comparison and Assessment of ChatGPT-3.5, ChatGPT-4, and Google Bard. AI 2023;4(4):949 View
  202. Agarwal M, Goswami A, Sharma P. Evaluating ChatGPT-3.5 and Claude-2 in Answering and Explaining Conceptual Medical Physiology Multiple-Choice Questions. Cureus 2023 View
  203. Qu R, Qureshi U, Petersen G, Lee S. Diagnostic and Management Applications of ChatGPT in Structured Otolaryngology Clinical Scenarios. OTO Open 2023;7(3) View
  204. Sallam M, Salim N, Barakat M, Al-Mahzoum K, Al-Tammemi A, Malaeb D, Hallit R, Hallit S. Assessing Health Students' Attitudes and Usage of ChatGPT in Jordan: Validation Study. JMIR Medical Education 2023;9:e48254 View
  205. Heston T, Khun C. Prompt Engineering in Medical Education. International Medical Education 2023;2(3):198 View
  206. Pendergrast T, Chalmers Z. Anki Tagger: A Generative AI Tool for Aligning Third-Party Resources to Preclinical Curriculum. JMIR Medical Education 2023;9:e48780 View
  207. Haze T, Kawano R, Takase H, Suzuki S, Hirawa N, Tamura K. Influence on the accuracy in ChatGPT: Differences in the amount of information per medical field. International Journal of Medical Informatics 2023;180:105283 View
  208. Nguyen B, Sonnenfeld N, Finkelstein L, Alonso A, Gomez C, Duruaku F, Jentsch F. Using AI Tools to Develop Training Materials for Aviation: Ethical, Technical, and Practical Concerns. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting 2023 View
  209. Chow J, Cheng T, Chien T, Chou W. Assessing ChatGPT's Capability for Multiple Choice Questions Using RaschOnline: A Study on English Tests for Taiwan College Entrance Examinations 2023 (Preprint). JMIR Formative Research 2023 View
  210. Komorowski M, del Pilar Arias López M, Chang A. How could ChatGPT impact my practice as an intensivist? An overview of potential applications, risks and limitations. Intensive Care Medicine 2023;49(7):844 View
  211. Ayre J, Mac O, McCaffery K, McKay B, Liu M, Shi Y, Rezwan A, Dunn A. New Frontiers in Health Literacy: Using ChatGPT to Simplify Health Information for People in the Community. Journal of General Internal Medicine 2023 View
  212. Luo Y, Hu N. Can ChatGPT be a new educational tool in medicine?. Medicina Clínica 2023;161(8):363 View
  213. Cakir H, Caglar U, Yildiz O, Meric A, Ayranci A, Ozgor F. Evaluating the performance of ChatGPT in answering questions related to urolithiasis. International Urology and Nephrology 2023 View
  214. Ong J, Hariprasad S, Chhablani J. ChatGPT and GPT-4 in Ophthalmology: Applications of Large Language Model Artificial Intelligence in Retina. Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers and Imaging Retina 2023;54(10):557 View
  215. Cohen F, Vallimont J, Gelfand A. Caution regarding fabricated citations from artificial intelligence. Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain 2023 View
  216. Gilson A, Safranek C, Huang T, Socrates V, Chi L, Taylor R, Chartash D. Authors’ Reply to: Variability in Large Language Models’ Responses to Medical Licensing and Certification Examinations. JMIR Medical Education 2023;9:e50336 View
  217. Humar P, Asaad M, Bengur F, Nguyen V. ChatGPT Is Equivalent to First-Year Plastic Surgery Residents: Evaluation of ChatGPT on the Plastic Surgery In-Service Examination. Aesthetic Surgery Journal 2023;43(12):NP1085 View
  218. Luo Y, Hu N. Can ChatGPT be a new educational tool in medicine?. Medicina Clínica (English Edition) 2023;161(8):363 View
  219. Caglar U, Yildiz O, Meric A, Ayranci A, Gelmis M, Sarilar O, Ozgor F. Evaluating the performance of ChatGPT in answering questions related to pediatric urology. Journal of Pediatric Urology 2023 View
  220. Spennemann D. Children of AI: A Protocol for Managing the Born-Digital Ephemera Spawned by Generative AI Language Models. Publications 2023;11(3):45 View
  221. Heston T, Khun C. The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly of ChatGPT in Medical Education. SSRN Electronic Journal 2023 View
  222. Peters M, Jackson L, Papastephanou M, Jandrić P, Lazaroiu G, Evers C, Cope B, Kalantzis M, Araya D, Tesar M, Mika C, Chen L, Wang C, Sturm S, Rider S, Fuller S. AI and the future of humanity: ChatGPT-4, philosophy and education – Critical responses. Educational Philosophy and Theory 2023:1 View
  223. Clusmann J, Kolbinger F, Muti H, Carrero Z, Eckardt J, Laleh N, Löffler C, Schwarzkopf S, Unger M, Veldhuizen G, Wagner S, Kather J. The future landscape of large language models in medicine. Communications Medicine 2023;3(1) View
  224. Afjal M. ChatGPT and the AI revolution: a comprehensive investigation of its multidimensional impact and potential. Library Hi Tech 2023 View
  225. Revercomb L, Patel A, Choudhry H, Filimonov A. Performance of ChatGPT in Otolaryngology knowledge assessment. American Journal of Otolaryngology 2024;45(1):104082 View
  226. Yu P, Xu H, Hu X, Deng C. Leveraging Generative AI and Large Language Models: A Comprehensive Roadmap for Healthcare Integration. Healthcare 2023;11(20):2776 View
  227. Thirunavukarasu A, Ting D, Elangovan K, Gutierrez L, Tan T, Ting D. Large language models in medicine. Nature Medicine 2023;29(8):1930 View
  228. Matin R, Linos E, Rajan N. Leveraging large language models in dermatology. British Journal of Dermatology 2023;189(3):253 View
  229. Rahimzadeh V, Kostick-Quenet K, Blumenthal Barby J, McGuire A. Ethics Education for Healthcare Professionals in the Era of ChatGPT and Other Large Language Models: Do We Still Need It?. The American Journal of Bioethics 2023;23(10):17 View
  230. Surapaneni K. Assessing the Performance of ChatGPT in Medical Biochemistry Using Clinical Case Vignettes: Observational Study. JMIR Medical Education 2023;9:e47191 View
  231. Suchman K, Garg S, Trindade A. Chat Generative Pretrained Transformer Fails the Multiple-Choice American College of Gastroenterology Self-Assessment Test. American Journal of Gastroenterology 2023;Publish Ahead of Print View
  232. Sathe A, Seth I, Bulloch G, Xie Y, Hunter‐Smith D, Rozen W. The role of artificial intelligence language models in dermatology: Opportunities, limitations and ethical considerations. Australasian Journal of Dermatology 2023;64(4):548 View
  233. Kumah-Crystal Y, Mankowitz S, Embi P, Lehmann C. ChatGPT and the clinical informatics board examination: the end of unproctored maintenance of certification?. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association 2023;30(9):1558 View
  234. Long-hao W, Ding-jie L, Xing-sen L. The method of constructing basic-element base using large language model- Take the issue of rice waste. Procedia Computer Science 2023;221:1493 View
  235. Hsu H, Hsu K, Hou S, Wu C, Hsieh Y, Cheng Y. Examining Real-World Medication Consultations and Drug-Herb Interactions: ChatGPT Performance Evaluation. JMIR Medical Education 2023;9:e48433 View
  236. Draschl A, Hauer G, Fischerauer S, Kogler A, Leitner L, Andreou D, Leithner A, Sadoghi P. Are ChatGPT’s Free-Text Responses on Periprosthetic Joint Infections of the Hip and Knee Reliable and Useful?. Journal of Clinical Medicine 2023;12(20):6655 View
  237. Gödde D, Nöhl S, Wolf C, Rupert Y, Rimkus L, Ehlers J, Breuckmann F, Sellmann T. A SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats) Analysis of ChatGPT in the Medical Literature: Concise Review. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2023;25:e49368 View
  238. Allahqoli L, Ghiasvand M, Mazidimoradi A, Salehiniya H, Alkatout I. Diagnostic and Management Performance of ChatGPT in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation 2023;88(5):310 View
  239. Hasnain M, Ullah S. Learning and programming challenges of React.js open-source framework. Library Hi Tech News 2023 View
  240. Shoufan A. Can students without prior knowledge use ChatGPT to answer test questions? An empirical study. ACM Transactions on Computing Education 2023 View
  241. Moskatel L, Zhang N. The utility of ChatGPT in the assessment of literature on the prevention of migraine: an observational, qualitative study. Frontiers in Neurology 2023;14 View
  242. Alawida M, Mejri S, Mehmood A, Chikhaoui B, Isaac Abiodun O. A Comprehensive Study of ChatGPT: Advancements, Limitations, and Ethical Considerations in Natural Language Processing and Cybersecurity. Information 2023;14(8):462 View
  243. Chen T, Multala E, Kearns P, Delashaw J, Dumont A, Maraganore D, Wang A. Assessment of ChatGPT’s performance on neurology written board examination questions. BMJ Neurology Open 2023;5(2):e000530 View
  244. Mago J, Sharma M. The Potential Usefulness of ChatGPT in Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology. Cureus 2023 View
  245. Hsiao Y, Klijn N, Chiu M. Developing a framework to re-design writing assignment assessment for the era of Large Language Models. Learning: Research and Practice 2023;9(2):148 View
  246. AlBadarin Y, Tukiainen M, Saqr M, Pope N. A Systematic Literature Review of Empirical Research on ChatGPT in Education. SSRN Electronic Journal 2023 View
  247. Ruiz-Talavera D, Cruz-Aguero J, García-Palomino N, Calderón-Espinoza R, Marín-Rodriguez W. Artificial intelligence and its impact on job opportunities among university students in North Lima, 2023. ICST Transactions on Scalable Information Systems 2023;10(5) View
  248. Rojas-Carabali W, Cifuentes-González C, Wei X, Putera I, Sen A, Thng Z, Agrawal R, Elze T, Sobrin L, Kempen J, Lee B, Biswas J, Nguyen Q, Gupta V, de-la-Torre A, Agrawal R. Evaluating the Diagnostic Accuracy and Management Recommendations of ChatGPT in Uveitis. Ocular Immunology and Inflammation 2023:1 View
  249. Semrl N, Feigl S, Taumberger N, Bracic T, Fluhr H, Blockeel C, Kollmann M. AI language models in human reproduction research: exploring ChatGPT’s potential to assist academic writing. Human Reproduction 2023 View
  250. Odabashian R, Bastin D, Manzoor M, Tangestaniapour S, Assad M, Lakhani S, Jones G, Odabashian M, McGee S. ChatGPT becomes an Oncologist: the performance of Artificial Intelligence in the American Society of Clinical Oncology Evaluation Program (Preprint). JMIR AI 2023 View
  251. Wei Q, Wang Y, Yao Z, Cui Y, Wei B, Li T, Xu X. Evaluation of ChatGPT's performance in providing treatment recommendations for pediatric diseases. Pediatric Discovery 2023 View
  252. Peacock J, Austin A, Shapiro M, Battista A, Samuel A. Accelerating medical education with ChatGPT: an implementation guide. MedEdPublish 2023;13:64 View
  253. Chen J, Cadiente A, Kasselman L, Pilkington B. Assessing the performance of ChatGPT in bioethics: a large language model’s moral compass in medicine. Journal of Medical Ethics 2023:jme-2023-109366 View
  254. Sanaei M, Ravari M, Abolghasemi H. ChatGPT in medicine: Opportunity and challenges. Iranian Journal of Blood and Cancer 2023;15(3):60 View
  255. Bushuven S, Bentele M, Bentele S, Gerber B, Bansbach J, Ganter J, Trifunovic-Koenig M, Ranisch R. “ChatGPT, Can You Help Me Save My Child’s Life?” - Diagnostic Accuracy and Supportive Capabilities to Lay Rescuers by ChatGPT in Prehospital Basic Life Support and Paediatric Advanced Life Support Cases – An In-silico Analysis. Journal of Medical Systems 2023;47(1) View
  256. Guillen-Grima F, Guillen-Aguinaga S, Guillen-Aguinaga L, Alas-Brun R, Onambele L, Ortega W, Montejo R, Aguinaga-Ontoso E, Barach P, Aguinaga-Ontoso I. Evaluating the Efficacy of ChatGPT in Navigating the Spanish Medical Residency Entrance Examination (MIR): Promising Horizons for AI in Clinical Medicine. Clinics and Practice 2023;13(6):1460 View
  257. Zalzal H, Cheng J, Shah R. Evaluating the Current Ability of ChatGPT to Assist in Professional Otolaryngology Education. OTO Open 2023;7(4) View
  258. Chakraborty C, Bhattacharya M, Pal S, Lee S. From machine learning to deep learning: An advances of the recent data-driven paradigm shift in medicine and healthcare. Current Research in Biotechnology 2023:100164 View
  259. Baber H, Nair K, Gupta R, Gurjar K. The beginning of ChatGPT – a systematic and bibliometric review of the literature. Information and Learning Sciences 2023 View
  260. Rizzo M, Cai N, Constantinescu D. The performance of ChatGPT on orthopaedic in-service training exams: A comparative study of the GPT-3.5 turbo and GPT-4 models in orthopaedic education. Journal of Orthopaedics 2023 View
  261. Anastasio A, Mills F, Karavan M, Adams S. Evaluating the Quality and Usability of Artificial Intelligence–Generated Responses to Common Patient Questions in Foot and Ankle Surgery. Foot & Ankle Orthopaedics 2023;8(4) View

Books/Policy Documents

  1. Lin S, Chung H, Chung F, Lan Y. Innovative Technologies and Learning. View
  2. Guan C, Ding D, Gupta P, Hung Y, Jiang Z. Exploring Cyber Criminals and Data Privacy Measures. View
  3. Maney K. Creative AI Tools and Ethical Implications in Teaching and Learning. View
  4. Twinomurinzi H, Gumbo S. South African Institute of Computer Scientists and Information Technologists. View
  5. Wang T. Smart Learning for A Sustainable Society. View
  6. Li L. Machine Learning and Data Mining - Annual Volume 2023 [Working Title]. View
  7. . Artificial Intelligence Applications Using ChatGPT in Education. View
  8. . Artificial Intelligence Applications Using ChatGPT in Education. View
  9. . Artificial Intelligence Applications Using ChatGPT in Education. View
  10. Yin M, Han B, Ryu S, Hua M. HCI International 2023 – Late Breaking Papers. View