Published on in Vol 9 (2023)

Preprints (earlier versions) of this paper are available at, first published .
Opportunities, Challenges, and Future Directions of Generative Artificial Intelligence in Medical Education: Scoping Review

Opportunities, Challenges, and Future Directions of Generative Artificial Intelligence in Medical Education: Scoping Review

Opportunities, Challenges, and Future Directions of Generative Artificial Intelligence in Medical Education: Scoping Review

Authors of this article:

Carl Preiksaitis1 Author Orcid Image ;   Christian Rose1 Author Orcid Image


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  2. Knopp M, Warm E, Weber D, Kelleher M, Kinnear B, Schumacher D, Santen S, Mendonça E, Turner L. AI-Enabled Medical Education: Threads of Change, Promising Futures, and Risky Realities Across Four Potential Future Worlds. JMIR Medical Education 2023;9:e50373 View
  3. Semeraro F, Gamberini L, Carmona F, Monsieurs K. Clinical questions on advanced life support answered by artificial intelligence. A comparison between ChatGPT, Google Bard and Microsoft Copilot. Resuscitation 2024;195:110114 View
  4. Masters K, Benjamin J, Agrawal A, MacNeill H, Pillow M, Mehta N. Twelve tips on creating and using custom GPTs to enhance health professions education. Medical Teacher 2024;46(6):752 View
  5. Sievert M, Aubreville M, Mueller S, Eckstein M, Breininger K, Iro H, Goncalves M. Diagnosis of malignancy in oropharyngeal confocal laser endomicroscopy using GPT 4.0 with vision. European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 2024;281(4):2115 View
  6. Lee H, Park S. Information amount, accuracy, and relevance of generative artificial intelligences’ answers to learning objectives of medical arthropodology evaluated in English and Korean queries in December 2023: a descriptive study. Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions 2023;20:39 View
  7. Kumar A, Burr P, Young T. Using AI Text-to-Image Generation to Create Novel Illustrations for Medical Education: Current Limitations as Illustrated by Hypothyroidism and Horner Syndrome. JMIR Medical Education 2024;10:e52155 View
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  11. Xu X, Chen Y, Miao J. Opportunities, challenges, and future directions of large language models, including ChatGPT in medical education: a systematic scoping review. Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions 2024;21:6 View
  12. Preiksaitis C, Ashenburg N, Bunney G, Chu A, Kabeer R, Riley F, Ribeira R, Rose C. The Role of Large Language Models in Transforming Emergency Medicine: Scoping Review. JMIR Medical Informatics 2024;12:e53787 View
  13. Schaye V, Triola M. The generative artificial intelligence revolution: How hospitalists can lead the transformation of medical education. Journal of Hospital Medicine 2024 View
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  15. Skryd A, Lawrence K. ChatGPT as a Tool for Medical Education and Clinical Decision-Making on the Wards: Case Study. JMIR Formative Research 2024;8:e51346 View
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  17. Zhang J, Yang P, Zeng L, Li S, Zhou J. Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Prediction Models Based on AI: Scoping Review. JMIR Medical Informatics 2024;12:e57026 View
  18. Temsah M, Alhuzaimi A, Almansour M, Aljamaan F, Alhasan K, Batarfi M, Altamimi I, Alharbi A, Alsuhaibani A, Alwakeel L, Alzahrani A, Alsulaim K, Jamal A, Khayat A, Alghamdi M, Halwani R, Khan M, Al-Eyadhy A, Nazer R. Art or Artifact: Evaluating the Accuracy, Appeal, and Educational Value of AI-Generated Imagery in DALL·E 3 for Illustrating Congenital Heart Diseases. Journal of Medical Systems 2024;48(1) View
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Books/Policy Documents

  1. Gökoğlu S. Transforming Education With Generative AI. View
  2. Chaudhry M, Goswami N. Integrating Generative AI in Education to Achieve Sustainable Development Goals. View