Published on in Vol 9 (2023)

Preprints (earlier versions) of this paper are available at, first published .
The Role of ChatGPT, Generative Language Models, and Artificial Intelligence in Medical Education: A Conversation With ChatGPT and a Call for Papers

The Role of ChatGPT, Generative Language Models, and Artificial Intelligence in Medical Education: A Conversation With ChatGPT and a Call for Papers

The Role of ChatGPT, Generative Language Models, and Artificial Intelligence in Medical Education: A Conversation With ChatGPT and a Call for Papers

Authors of this article:

Gunther Eysenbach 1 Author Orcid Image


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  134. Hatia A, Doldo T, Parrini S, Chisci E, Cipriani L, Montagna L, Lagana G, Guenza G, Agosta E, Vinjolli F, Hoxha M, D’Amelio C, Favaretto N, Chisci G. Accuracy and Completeness of ChatGPT-Generated Information on Interceptive Orthodontics: A Multicenter Collaborative Study. Journal of Clinical Medicine 2024;13(3):735 View
  135. Uranbey Ö, Ayrancı F, Erdem B. ChatGPT Guided Diagnosis of Ameloblastic Fibro-Odontoma: A Case Report with Eventful Healing. European Journal of Therapeutics 2024 View
  136. Caruccio L, Cirillo S, Polese G, Solimando G, Sundaramurthy S, Tortora G. Claude 2.0 large language model: Tackling a real-world classification problem with a new iterative prompt engineering approach. Intelligent Systems with Applications 2024;21:200336 View
  137. Tenner Z, Cottone M, Chavez M, Silva J. Harnessing the open access version of ChatGPT for enhanced clinical opinions. PLOS Digital Health 2024;3(2):e0000355 View
  138. Weidener L, Fischer M. Proposing a Principle-Based Approach for Teaching AI Ethics in Medical Education. JMIR Medical Education 2024;10:e55368 View
  139. Duah J, McGivern P. How generative artificial intelligence has blurred notions of authorial identity and academic norms in higher education, necessitating clear university usage policies. The International Journal of Information and Learning Technology 2024 View
  140. Wu G, Zhao W, Wong A, Lee D. Patients with floaters: Answers from virtual assistants and large language models. DIGITAL HEALTH 2024;10 View
  141. Cascella M, Semeraro F, Montomoli J, Bellini V, Piazza O, Bignami E. The Breakthrough of Large Language Models Release for Medical Applications: 1-Year Timeline and Perspectives. Journal of Medical Systems 2024;48(1) View
  142. Rengers T, Thiels C, Salehinejad H. Academic Surgery in the Era of Large Language Models. JAMA Surgery 2024;159(4):445 View
  143. Brennan L, Balakumar R, Bennett W. The role of ChatGPT in enhancing ENT surgical training – a trainees’ perspective. The Journal of Laryngology & Otology 2023:1 View
  144. Alam K, Kumar A, Samiullah F. Prospectives and drawbacks of ChatGPT in healthcare and clinical medicine. AI and Ethics 2024 View
  145. Wong L, Park H, Looi C. From hype to insight: Exploring ChatGPT's early footprint in education via altmetrics and bibliometrics. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning 2024 View
  146. Nian P, Saleet J, Magruder M, Wellington I, Choueka J, Houten J, Saleh A, Razi A, Ng M. ChatGPT as a Source of Patient Information for Lumbar Spinal Fusion and Laminectomy. Clinical Spine Surgery: A Spine Publication 2024 View
  147. Gordon M, Daniel M, Ajiboye A, Uraiby H, Xu N, Bartlett R, Hanson J, Haas M, Spadafore M, Grafton-Clarke C, Gasiea R, Michie C, Corral J, Kwan B, Dolmans D, Thammasitboon S. A scoping review of artificial intelligence in medical education: BEME Guide No. 84. Medical Teacher 2024:1 View
  148. Shen S, Perez-Heydrich C, Xie D, Nellis J. ChatGPT vs. web search for patient questions: what does ChatGPT do better?. European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 2024 View
  149. Ullah E, Parwani A, Baig M, Singh R. Challenges and barriers of using large language models (LLM) such as ChatGPT for diagnostic medicine with a focus on digital pathology – a recent scoping review. Diagnostic Pathology 2024;19(1) View
  150. Miao J, Thongprayoon C, Suppadungsuk S, Garcia Valencia O, Cheungpasitporn W. Integrating Retrieval-Augmented Generation with Large Language Models in Nephrology: Advancing Practical Applications. Medicina 2024;60(3):445 View
  151. Kharitonova K, Pérez-Fernández D, Gutiérrez-Hernando J, Gutiérrez-Fandiño A, Callejas Z, Griol D. Incorporating evidence into mental health Q&A: a novel method to use generative language models for validated clinical content extraction. Behaviour & Information Technology 2024:1 View
  152. Takefuji Y. Generative AI for diabetologists: a concise tutorial on dataset analysis. Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders 2024 View
  153. Carlà M, Gambini G, Baldascino A, Giannuzzi F, Boselli F, Crincoli E, D’Onofrio N, Rizzo S. Exploring AI-chatbots’ capability to suggest surgical planning in ophthalmology: ChatGPT versus Google Gemini analysis of retinal detachment cases. British Journal of Ophthalmology 2024:bjo-2023-325143 View
  154. Chen Y, Esmaeilzadeh P. Generative AI in Medical Practice: In-Depth Exploration of Privacy and Security Challenges. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2024;26:e53008 View
  155. Leiter C, Zhang R, Chen Y, Belouadi J, Larionov D, Fresen V, Eger S. ChatGPT: A meta-analysis after 2.5 months. Machine Learning with Applications 2024;16:100541 View
  156. Lubitz M, Latario L. Performance of Two Artificial Intelligence Generative Language Models on the Orthopaedic In-Training Examination. Orthopedics 2024:1 View
  157. Edwards C, Erstad B. Evaluation of a Generative Language Model Tool for Writing Examination Questions. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education 2024;88(4):100684 View
  158. Liang R, Zhao A, Peng L, Xu X, Zhong J, Wu F, Yi F, Zhang S, Wu S, Hou J. Enhanced Artificial Intelligence Strategies in Renal Oncology: Iterative Optimization and Comparative Analysis of GPT 3.5 Versus 4.0. Annals of Surgical Oncology 2024 View
  159. Squalli Houssaini M, Aboutajeddine A, Toughrai I, Ibrahimi A. Development of a design course for medical curriculum: Using design thinking as an instructional design method empowered by constructive alignment and generative AI. Thinking Skills and Creativity 2024;52:101491 View
  160. Liu X, Zhang Z. Potential use of large language models for mitigating students’ problematic social media use: ChatGPT as an example. World Journal of Psychiatry 2024;14(3):334 View
  161. Al-khresheh M. Bridging technology and pedagogy from a global lens: Teachers’ perspectives on integrating ChatGPT in English language teaching. Computers and Education: Artificial Intelligence 2024;6:100218 View
  162. Shin D, Koerber A, Lim J. Impact of misinformation from generative AI on user information processing: How people understand misinformation from generative AI. New Media & Society 2024 View
  163. Reddy S. Generative AI in healthcare: an implementation science informed translational path on application, integration and governance. Implementation Science 2024;19(1) View
  164. Alyasiri O, Salman A, Akhtom D, Salisu S. ChatGPT revisited: Using ChatGPT-4 for finding references and editing language in medical scientific articles. Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 2024:101842 View
  165. Shrivastava P, Uppal S, Kumar G, Jha P. Role of ChatGPT in Academia: Dental Students’ Perspectives. Primary Dental Journal 2024;13(1):89 View
  166. Dsouza J. A Student’s Viewpoint on ChatGPT Use and Automation Bias in Medical Education. JMIR Medical Education 2024;10:e57696 View
  167. Araji T, Brooks A. Evaluating The Role of ChatGPT as a Study Aid in Medical Education in Surgery. Journal of Surgical Education 2024 View
  168. Artsi Y, Sorin V, Konen E, Glicksberg B, Nadkarni G, Klang E. Large language models for generating medical examinations: systematic review. BMC Medical Education 2024;24(1) View
  169. Liu J, Li S, Dong Q. Collaboration with Generative Artificial Intelligence: An Exploratory Study Based on Learning Analytics. Journal of Educational Computing Research 2024 View
  170. Öztürk H, Avsever H, Şenel B, Ayran Ş, Peker M, Özgedik H, Baysal N. ChatGPT in dentomaxillofacial radiology education. Journal of Health Sciences and Medicine 2024;7(2):224 View
  171. Liu J, Li S. Toward Artificial Intelligence-Human Paired Programming: A Review of the Educational Applications and Research on Artificial Intelligence Code-Generation Tools. Journal of Educational Computing Research 2024 View
  172. Bai S, Gonda D, Hew K. Write-Curate-Verify: A Case Study of Leveraging Generative AI for Scenario Writing in Scenario-Based Learning. IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies 2024;17:1313 View
  173. Wu Y, Zheng Y, Feng B, Yang Y, Kang K, Zhao A. Embracing ChatGPT for Medical Education: Exploring Its Impact on Doctors and Medical Students. JMIR Medical Education 2024;10:e52483 View
  174. Uribe S, Maldupa I, Kavadella A, El Tantawi M, Chaurasia A, Fontana M, Marino R, Innes N, Schwendicke F. Artificial intelligence chatbots and large language models in dental education: Worldwide survey of educators. European Journal of Dental Education 2024 View
  175. Huo B, Calabrese E, Sylla P, Kumar S, Ignacio R, Oviedo R, Hassan I, Slater B, Kaiser A, Walsh D, Vosburg W. The performance of artificial intelligence large language model-linked chatbots in surgical decision-making for gastroesophageal reflux disease. Surgical Endoscopy 2024 View
  176. Spotnitz M, Idnay B, Gordon E, Shyu R, Zhang G, Liu C, Cimino J, Weng C. A Survey of Clinicians' Views of the Utility of Large Language Models. Applied Clinical Informatics 2024;15(02):306 View
  177. Acevedo Osorio G. La inteligencia artificial como herramienta didáctica en la formación de instrumentadores quirúrgicos. Revista Investigaciones Andina 2023;25(46) View
  178. Howard E, Chong N, Carnino J, Levi J. Comparison of ChatGPT knowledge against 2020 consensus statement on ankyloglossia in children. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology 2024;180:111957 View
  179. Karpathakis K, Morley J, Floridi L. A Justifiable Investment in AI for Healthcare: Aligning Ambition with Reality. SSRN Electronic Journal 2024 View
  180. Wu J, Ma Y, Wang J, Xiao M. The Application of ChatGPT in Medicine: A Scoping Review and Bibliometric Analysis. Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare 2024;Volume 17:1681 View

Books/Policy Documents

  1. Dungca P. Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence and Its Place in Society. View
  2. Perez Sanpablo A, Arquer Ruiz M, Meneses Peñaloza A, Rodriguez Reyes G, Quiñones Uriostegui I, Anaya Campos L. XLVI Mexican Conference on Biomedical Engineering. View
  3. . Artificial Intelligence Applications Using ChatGPT in Education. View
  4. Pan C, Banerjee J, De D, Sarigiannidis P, Chakraborty A, Bhattacharyya S. Intelligent Human Centered Computing. View
  5. Hassan A. Emerging Trends and Innovation in Business and Finance. View
  6. Upadhyay P, Kumar A, Paul M, Bhattacharyya S. Transfer, Diffusion and Adoption of Next-Generation Digital Technologies. View
  7. Htet A, Liana S, Aung T, Bhaumik A. Advanced Applications of Generative AI and Natural Language Processing Models. View
  8. Kondurkar I, Raj A, Lakshmi D. Advanced Applications of Generative AI and Natural Language Processing Models. View
  9. Sharma D, Venkata Ramana K, Jothilakshmi R, Verma R, Uma Maheswari B, Boopathi S. Facilitating Global Collaboration and Knowledge Sharing in Higher Education With Generative AI. View
  10. Umme L, Shah Z, Yu P, Mulli J, Khurram M, Ahmed M. Facilitating Global Collaboration and Knowledge Sharing in Higher Education With Generative AI. View
  11. Dinçer N, Demirdöken G. Transforming Education With Generative AI. View
  12. Plikas J, Trakadas P, Kenourgios D. Frontiers of Artificial Intelligence, Ethics, and Multidisciplinary Applications. View
  13. Shin D. Artificial Misinformation. View
  14. de Almondes K, Alves G, Alves C. Advances in Neuroscience, Neuropsychiatry, and Neurology. View
  15. Shin D. Artificial Misinformation. View
  16. Alfaisal R, Salloum S, Salloum A. Artificial Intelligence in Education: The Power and Dangers of ChatGPT in the Classroom. View