Currently submitted to: JMIR Medical Education
Date Submitted: Oct 1, 2019
Open Peer Review Period: Oct 1, 2019 - Nov 26, 2019
(currently open for review)
Comparison between Flipped Classroom and Video cum Lecture-based Classroom for Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support among Medical graduates
Traditional lecture based classrooms provide a learning platform which engages the students in a passive process which may be tedious, and inadequate to sharpen the skills required, especially in the medical community. Flipped classrooms, and team-based learning on the other hand, actively requires the participation of the students, continuously challenging them to learn, understand, discuss, analyse, and resolve. Since the introduction of flipped classrooms, its effectiveness has been demonstrated in various fields of education over the years including medical education.
The aim is to compare the effects of learning in a flipped classroom and in a video cum lecture based classroom, during an advanced cardiovascular life support course, amongst medical professionals of Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Wardha, India.
In a retrospective study, 100 participants were selected at random. 50 were taught in a flipped classroom session and 50 were taught in a video cum lecture-based classroom. Pre-test and post-test results were collected from all participants, the results of which were used to compare the efficiency of the two methods.
In flipped classrooms, a significant improvement of the scores were recorded (P <0.001). From an average of 84.62% in the pre-tests, an average of 90.52% in the post-tests were seen. Along with this, an overall of 96% pass rate was seen among participants. In video cum lecture based classrooms however, an improvement was in fact seen, although one that was not statistically significant as that in flipped classrooms (P =0.394). From an average of 81.82% in the pre-tests, the post-test scores improved to an average of 83.44%. The overall pass rate was also significantly lower here with only 58%.
Flipped classrooms and team-based learning have demonstrated better results compared to video cum lecture-based classrooms.
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